Map of North America: Showing the research areas, cities, and rail routes important in Edward Curtis's Life by Eric Elias. In Lawlor, Laurie. Shadow Catcher: The Life and Work of Edward S. Curtis. New York, .
MARCH 2. Indian Love Letters, written by Marah Ellis Ryan is published with a photographic frontispiece and illustrated chapter headings by Edward S. Curtis.
SPRING. Alexander B. Upshaw begins his field investigations into the Battle of the Little Bighorn, in which forces commanded by Crazy Horse and Chief Gall of the Lakota Sioux defeat Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and the 7th Calvary Regiment of the United States Army on June 25-26, 1876.
SUMMER. Curtis, Upshaw, and three Crow eyewitnesses that fought as scouts with Custer - Hairy Moccasins, Goes Ahead, and White Man Runs Him - investigate and survey the site of the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
FALL. Curtis, Myers, and Upshaw begin writing the text for volume three, along with the results of their investigation into the Battle of the Little Bighorn, which is a dramatically different scholarly analysis of the battle from the approved American narrative. The conclusion of their inquiry is omitted from volume four due to political pressure.
LATE FALL. The first volume of The North American Indian: Being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska is published with the foreword by Theodore Roosevelt. This volume is devoted to The Apache. The Jicarillas. The Navaho.
Andrew and Louise Carnegie say farewell to Pittsburgh, circa 1914.
Courtesy of Library of Congress.
FEBRUARY 25. Curtis and Upshaw visit President Roosevelt in Washington, D.C. on February 25, 1909. Andrew Carnegie subscribes to a set of The North American Indian.
The Flute of the Gods, written by Marah Ellis Ryan, is published with photographic plates by Edward S. Curtis.
The fourth volume of The North American Indian is published and comprises the Apsaroke, or Crows, and the Hidatsa. This volume is considered to be an outstanding work on the ethnology of the Plains Indians.
The fifth volume of The North American Indian is published and comprises the Mandan, the Arikara, and the Atsina.
JUNE 1 - OCTOBER 16. The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition is held in Seattle, in which over 3.7 million viewers attend by end of the world’s fair. Curtis has the five published volumes of The North American Indian on display.
JULY 28. Clara gives birth to the youngest Curtis child, Katherine.
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 21. Alexander B. Upshaw dies. Curtis memorializes Upshaw in the introduction to Volume VII:
…It is with profound sorrow that the author announces the death, in the autumn of 1909, of Mr. A. B. Upshaw, his Crow interpreter and informant, whose assistance in collecting the material for Volumes III, IV, and V was of such inestimable value…