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Course & Subject Guides

Scholarly Research in Theatre Design @ Pitt: Citing Your Research

A Resource Guide for Theatre Design Students

A Helpful Guide

Books on MLA Citing

Examples of MLA Style

In-text Citation

Material Type

In-text Citation

Author's name in text

Magny develops this argument (67-69).

Author's name in reference

This argument has been developed elsewhere (Magny 67-69).

Two authors' names in reference

The most notorious foreign lobby in Washington is the "Sugar Mafia" (Howe and Trott 134).

Quotation found in indirect or "secondhand" source

The philosopher Alain states that "admiration is not pleasure but a kind of attention. . ." (qtd. in Magny 66).


Creating a Works Cited Page

With MLA style, you must include a Works Cited page at the end of your paper. A Works Cited page is an alphabetical listing of the resources cited in your paper. Below are some examples of MLA style citations. Note: Some instructors may require access dates for websites or other pieces of information. Please check with your instructor if you have any questions.

Material Type

Works Cited

Book in print

Card, Claudia. The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil. Oxford UP, 2005.


Gaither, Milton. Homeschool: An American History. Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. SpringerLink,

An article in a print journal

Doggart, Julia. "Minding the Gap: Realizing Our Ideal Community Writing Assistance Program." The Community Literacy Journal, vol. 2, no. 1, 2007, pp. 71-80. 

An article in an electronic journal

Sherrard-Johnson, Cherene. "'A Plea for Color': Nella Larsen's Iconography of the Mulatta." American Literature, vol. 76, no. 4, 2004, pp. 833-869, doi:10.1215/00029831-76-4-833.

A encyclopedia entry

“Patanjali.” Benét’s Reader’s Encyclopedia, edited by Bruce Murphy, 4th ed., HarperCollins Publishers, 1996, p. 782.

A government publication

United States, Federal Maritime Commission. Hawaiian Trade Study: An Economic Analysis. Government Printing Office, 1978. 

An interview you conducted

Brandt, Deborah. Personal interview. 28 May 2008.

(Note: List the interview under the name of the interviewee)

A film/DVD

Note: This depends on the focus of your work. Please see the MLA Style blog for a  detailed explanation.

A Page on a Website with no author

"Stunning Lakeside View on Lake Erie." VisitPA, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 7 June 2018,

A Page on a Website with an author

Del Castillo, Inigo. "How Not to Kill Your Houseplants, According to Botanists." Apartment Therapy, 29 Jan. 2020,

Artwork - from website

Sherald, Amy. Former First Lady, Michelle Obama. 2018. National Portrait Gallery,

Online MLA Citation Resources

Writing Centers

Need someone to review your paper? Visit the Writing Center or Academic Success Center on your campus.