Skip to main content

Academic Integrity: Avoiding Plagiarism and Understanding Research Ethics: Citation Styles

This guide contains slides and information corresponding with the Academic Integrity @ Pitt: Workshops for International Graduate Students series.

Citing Sources Using a Citation Manager

Keep track of all of your citations and easily create bibliographies. Pitt's library resources work with tools such as Mendeley, EndNote, and Zotero and allow you to import citations from sources like PITTCat+ and article databases. 

Citing non-English sources

Practice Citing - Tutorial

What Are Citations?

What is a citation and citation style?

A citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you utilized to support your research. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of the publishing company, journal title, or DOI (Digital Object Identifier).

A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.

English Chinese Korean Japanese French Spanish Italian Arabic
Citation 引文 인용문헌/참고문헌 参照 citation cita bibliográfica / referencia citazione مرجع


How to do I choose a citation style?

There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. The citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) is used by Education, Psychology, and Sciences
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used by the Humanities
  • Chicago/Turabian style is generally used by Business, History, and the Fine Arts
  • IEEE Style is often used in Engineering

You will need to consult with your professor to determine what is required in your specific course.

Citation Styles

Loading ...