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Course & Subject Guides

Understanding Academic Integrity, Research, and Classroom Ethics

An overview of Academic Integrity modules and concepts with additional information for International Graduate Students.

What Are Citations?

What is a citation and citation style?

A citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you utilized to support your research. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of the publishing company, journal title, or DOI (Digital Object Identifier).

A citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.

English Chinese Korean Japanese French Spanish Italian Arabic
Citation 引文 인용문헌/참고문헌 参照 citation cita bibliográfica / referencia citazione مرجع

 

How to do I choose a citation style?

There are many different ways of citing resources from your research. The citation style sometimes depends on the academic discipline involved. For example:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) is used by Education, Psychology, and Sciences
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used by the Humanities
  • Chicago/Turabian style is generally used by Business, History, and the Fine Arts
  • IEEE Style is often used in Engineering

You will need to consult with your professor to determine what is required in your specific course.

Citation Styles