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Course & Subject Guides

Information Technology Systems in Supply Chains - Oakland Campus

Designed to help students in BUSBIS 1635 and BMIS 2704 with Prof. James Kimpel

Types of Sources

newspaper, book, and websiteUnderstanding the different types of sources will help you be a more efficient and effective researcher. There are three main types of literature sources: scholarly, trade/professional, and popular.

If you know you want current information, newspaper articles might be your best bet. If you need to support an important piece of your argument, using scholarly and reliable sources would be a good idea.

Comparing Sources

  Scholarly Trade/Professional Popular
Creator Experts (with experience or academic degrees) Subject-specific writers and professionals Journalists, anyone
Purpose Creating knowledge Sharing information Entertainment
Audience Scholars, students, and researchers Professionals and those interested in the field General public
Formats Journal articles and books are most common Trade journals, professional magazines, professional association websites Newspaper articles, other online articles and posts
Length and Content Longer and focus on very specific and narrow topics Short to mid length, middle-level specificity Short and general
Sources Provides sources formally with citations Sometimes sources are mentioned, but rarely are they formally cited Rarely are sources mentioned or cited formally
Pros Likely to be reliable and credible, very in-depth and detailed Tends to contain information about things affecting practicing professionals, not too complicated Can be more up-to-date about current events, can provide a brief overview
Cons Very detailed and specific, use technical jargon Doesn't contain original research or knowledge, not as in-depth Not as reliable, doesn't provide contextual information
Examples Strategic Management Journal, Information Systems Research Advertising Age, Beverage World Wired, Forbes

If you're ever unsure what type of source you have, contact the business librarian!