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Course & Subject Guides

Tips for Chinese Students to Navigate Owen Library - Johnstown Campus: Avoiding Plagiarism

This guide is created to help Chinese students to learn how to find and access various resources & services available at Owen Library or through Pitt's University Library System.

What is Plagiarism

什么是抄袭?

"Plagiarism, specifically, is a term used to describe a practice that involves knowingly taking and using another person’s work and claiming it, directly or indirectly, as your own." (Neville, 2007, p. 28)

在美国,无论是从道德上还是从法律上来看,抄袭都是很严重的问题。它可以导致严重的纪律处分,甚至是开除学籍。另外,抄袭也会损害你在学术界的声誉和信用。抄袭可以被分为故意和无意抄袭两种。故意抄袭包括购买代写论文,和别人“分享”考试答案等。无意的抄袭包括引文格式或内容错误,引用了别人的观点或语句而没有说明。

根据 Plagiarism.org,下面指出了一些典型的抄袭行为:

  • "turning in someone else's work as your own
  • copying words or ideas from someone else without giving credit
  • failing to put a quotation in quotation marks
  • giving incorrect information about the source of a quotation
  • changing words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving credit
  • copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not" (What Is Plagiarism?)

Reference:

Neville, C. (2007). The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism. New York; Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Citation Management Tools

正确的引文是避免抄袭的重要手段之一,而使用引文管理工具则能帮助你正确高效地引文。匹兹堡大学图书馆的资源支持包括Mendeley和EndNote在内的各种引文管理工具,让你能够从PITTCat+和各种数据库中导入引文信息,并管理你的引文和参考文献书目。

More Tips

  • 你知道如何有效避免抄袭吗?
  • 你了解美国的知识产权法 (copyright law) 吗?
  • 你知道匹兹堡大学针对抄袭的政策吗?
  • 你知道什么是引文,都有哪些常用的引文方式 (citation styles),它们各自都有什么格式规定吗?

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