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Resources on the 1892 Homestead Steel Strike @ Pitt Archives: Reactions

This guide provides information on archival resources pertaining to the 1892 Homestead Steel Strike at the University of Pittsburgh.

Public Memory

One of the most memorable images from the Homestead Steel Strike was on the July 16, 1892, cover of Harper's Weekly. This drawing by W. P. Snyder shows the surrendering Pinkerton guards being lead from their barges through a gauntlet of angry Homestead citizens and strike sympathizers.

Local Labor Unions

July 18 No. 136 Donation to Homestead Widows and Orphans. 500

After the Battle of Homestead, other Pittsburgh area labor unions quickly rallied in defense of their fellow workers. During the riot a trainload of steelworkers from the city arrived in Homestead as the skirmish began to settle, but in the aftermath unions pledged financial support and condemned the actions of the Carnegie Steel Company. Although the Homestead Steel Strike was ultimately a setback for the American Labor Movement, the sense of brotherhood exhibited in these meeting minutes show the type of solidarity that unions needed to thrive.



Microfilm held by the University of Pittsburgh Library System contains microfilm copies of the National Labor Tribune, Pittsburgh Post, and Pittsburgh Commercial Gazette newspapers that cover the time period of the strike. In addition, the Google News Archive does include historical Pittsburgh newspapers, such as the Pittsburgh Press from 1888-1992. The Library of Congress' website Chronicling America also has digitized historic newspapers that document the strike.

Henry Clay Frick utilized a company to create scrapbooks of newspaper articles that mentioned him and his companies. As a result, Frick inadvertently commissioned a history of the Homestead Steel Strike composed entirely of newspaper accounts leading up to the conflict and the aftermath of the riot, including the assassination attempt by Alexander Berkman.