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Course & Subject Guides

Business Citations


Citing sources properly is necessary to demonstrate where your information is coming from. It also helps keep you from accidentally plagiarizing.

Be sure to check with your instructor to see what citation format you should be using.

Learn more about how citations help you reference information so others can locate it.

Citation Examples

Below are examples of how to cite some popular business resources, based upon our interpretation of the APA 6th edition rules.

Nexis Uni Annual Reports Business Insights: Global Business Source Complete Global Market Information Database (GMID) / Passport / Euromonitor IBISWorld Mergent Online
Standard & Poor's Industry Survey Value Line 10-K  

Nexis Uni

Company information

Hoover's Inc. (2020, August 19). Kraft Heinz Food Company. Hoover's Company Records - In-depth records. Nexis Uni.

Disclosure Inc. (2011, Sept 6). H.J. Heinz Company. Disclosure SEC Database. Nexis Uni. 


Kanter, J. (2011, Dec 13). Google's Acquisition of Motorola Delayed. The New York Times. pp. B5. Nexis Uni.

Annual Reports

McDonald's Corporation. (2019). 2019 Annual Report.

Alcoa Inc. (2011). 2010 Annual report and Form 10-K.  MergentOnline.

Business Insights: Global

Company profiles

Gale Group. (2011). Facebook, Inc. [company profile]. Retrieved from Business Insights: Global.

Industry reports

Datamonitor. (2008, April 15). Global-Oil & Gas Exploration & Production. Datamonitor Industry Market Research. Retrieved from Business Insights: Global.

Company histories

Gale Group. (2008). Facebook, Inc. International directory of company histories. Retrieved from Business Insights: Global.


"Top social networking sites worldwide, 2007." (2007, November 1). Wall Street Journal, p. B3. Reproduced in Market share reporter 2009. Retrieved from Business Insights: Global.


Gale Group. (2011). Social media. Encyclopedia of emerging industries. Retrieved from Business Insights: Global.

Business Source Complete

Company profiles

Datamonitor. (2011, May 6). Alcoa Inc. [company profile]. Business Source Complete.

Industry reports

Datamonitor. (2008). Organic food industry profile: United States. Business Source Complete.

Barnes Reports. (2012). U.S. ship & boat building industry. [industry report]. Business Source Complete.


Ritter, R. C. (2004). When Offshore Manufacturing Doesn't Make Sense. McKinsey Quarterly, 4, 124.  Business Source Complete.

Population data

U.S. Census Bureau. (2010). Pittsburgh city, Pennsylvania -- Profile of general population and housing characteristics: 2010. [table]. 2010 Demographic Profile Data. U.S. Census Bureau website

Economic Census

U.S. Census Bureau. (2007). Pennsylvania -- Economy-Wide Key Statistics: 2007. [table]. 2007 Economic Census. U.S. Census Bureau website

County Business Patterns

U.S. Census Bureau. (2009). Allegheny County, Pennsylvania --  Geography Area Series: County Business Patterns. [table]. 2009 Business Patterns. U.S. Census Bureau website

Global Market Information Database (GMID) / Passport / Euromonitor

Euromonitor. (2012). Market Sizes- Historic- Retail Value RSP- US$mm- Current Prices Year-on-Year Exchange Rates- Packaged Food. [Statistics]. Passport.

Euromonitor. (2011, Dec 1). Annual Study 2011: Generational Differences.  Passport.


Industry reports

Jones, A. (2011, June). Family clothing stores in the US.  IBISWorld.

Mergent Online

Mergent. (2011). Apple Inc. Company Financials. Mergent Online.

Standard & Poor Industry Survey

Standard & Poor's. (2007, November 29). Industry Surveys: Apparel & Footwear. New York: Standard & Poor's.

Value Line

Value Line. (2004, October 1). Sprint Corporation stock report. Value Line Investment Surveys 60(5): 737.  New York: Value Line, Inc.


H.J. Heinz Company. (2011, June 16). Form 10-K. Fiscal year ended April 27, 2011. Retrieved from SEC Edgar website