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Course & Subject Guides

Introduction to Modern Art - Oakland Campus: Writing & Citing

A research guide to assist students taking Rebecca Giordano's HAA 0030 - Introduction to Modern Art online course.

Reference Books

The following books are freely available electronically through the National Emergency Library until June 30th. 

Citation Examples

Organize your bibliography by author's last name in alphabetical order. Visit The Chicago Manual of Style Online for a more extensive list of examples.

Print Book

Marien, Mary Warner. Photography: A Cultural History. London: Laurence King Publishing, 2014. 

Book Chapter

1. John D. Kelly, “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War,” in Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, ed. John D. Kelly et al. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), 77.

2. Kelly, “Seeing Red,” 81–82.

Kelly, John D. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Electronic Book

Remember to cite the version of the book you are accessing. Listing a URL is preferable to listing an access date. In the case of Kindle books, or other resources without fixed page numbers, include section titles or chapter numbers.

Silverstein, Shel. Where the Sidewalk Ends. New York: Penguin Classics, 2007. Kindle Edition. Section three.

Print Article

McQuire, Scott. “Photography’s afterlife: Documentary images and the operational archive.” Journal of Material Culture 18 (2013): 223-241​.

Electronic Journal Article

Kraniauskas, John. "A Short Andean History of Photography: yawar fiesta." Journal of Latin American Cultural Studies 21 (2012): 359-378. Accessed February 22, 2015. doi: 10.1080/13569325.2012.711754.

Thesis or Dissertation

Bailey, Robert. "Art & Language and the Politics of Art Worlds, 1969-1977." Doctoral Diss., University of Pittsburgh, 2012.

Website or Digital Content

Web content can often be mentioned within the body of the text, but if you would like to include a formal citation, be sure to include your access date or the date of modification of the webpage if it's available.

"MoMA | Bauhaus 1919–1933: Workshops for Modernity." MoMA | Museum of Modern Art. Accessed August 7, 2015.

Writing About Films

Chicago Manual of Style

The Chicago Manual of Style is freely available online. You can access it here: 

Annotated Bibliographies

When you write an annotation, you provide more than a summary. Annotations provide analysis, exposing the author's position and goals. Consider how the work helps to shape your own argument. Really good analysis at this stage can often make your final paper much stronger.

Formal Analysis

Evaluating Your Sources

The Writing Center

Students are advised to get their writing revised at The Writing Center, whether it be a paper or a resume. All appointments over the summer will take place remotely.