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Research Guide for INFSCI 2205

This guide is designed to support the students in INFSCI 2205.

Scholarly Sources

  • Produced by experts or researchers in a specialized field or discipline.
  • Purpose is to present new or unpublished research.
  • Articles reviewed by experts for scholarly content or quality, or
  • peer reviewed
  • Written using formal language and structure: abstract,
  • literature review, methodology, results, conclusion, footnotes, endnotes and/or bibliography.
  • Articles always cite source information.
  • May include tables or graphs to support research.

Tips for Reading Scholarly Journal Articles

Every reader developes their own approach to reading scholarly literature, but here are some suggestions:

  • Scan the article first.  Read the abstract, introduction, and conclusions.  Determine if it's relevant to your research before you commit to reading it all the way through.
  • Determine the author's argument.  You can often figure this out from the title, but it should be absolutely clear by the end of the introduction.
  • Consider the methodology.  What kind of research did the author do?  Is this research sufficient and appropriate for the subject matter?  
  • Look at citations.  Remember, scholarly writing is a conversation.  The references, generally found after the article text, point you toward the other people involved in the conversation.  Track down the referenced articles to learn more.
  • Take notes.  Write down key concepts, even if it's just a sentence or two.  This helps to cement the article's findings in your memory, and helps you organize your research.
  • Keep records of what you have read.  Collect citations in a notebook, document, or using citation management software. This way, you'll keep track of what you have read and be ready to properly cite the articles you use in a paper.