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Writing About Music -- Johnstown Campus: MLA Citation Style

Music 0425 Writing About Music.

Books on MLA Citing

MLA  7th ed. is the preferred citation style for this class.

Other citation styles

MLA is the preferred citation style for this class.  However, for help with other citation styles see the guide on Citation Styles.

What is MLA Style?

MLA (Modern Language Association) style for documentation is widely used in the humanities, especially in writing on language and literature. MLA style features brief parenthetical citations in the text keyed to an alphabetical list of works cited that appears at the end of the work. (Source Official MLA website)

In-text Citation

Material Type

In-text Citation

Author's name in text

Magny develops this argument (67-69).

Author's name in reference

This argument has been developed elsewhere (Magny 67-69).

Two authors' names in reference

The most notorious foreign lobby in Washington is the "Sugar Mafia" (Howe and Trott 134).

Quotation found in indirect or "secondhand" source

The philosopher Alain states that "admiration is not pleasure but a kind of attention. . ." (qtd. in Magny 66).


Creating a Works Cited Page

With MLA style, you must include at the end of your paper a Works Cited page, which is an alphabetical listing of the resouces cited in your paper. Here are some examples below of MLA style citations.

Material Type

Works Cited

Book in print

Card, Claudia. The Atrocity Paradigm: A Theory of Evil. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print.


Dzau, Victor J. and Mark A. Creager. "Chapter 231: Diseases of the Aorta. "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 1999. McGraw-Hill. Web. 7 Sept. 2006.

An article in a print journal

Doggart, Julia. "Minding the Gap: Realizing Our Ideal Community Writing Assistance Program." The Community Literacy Journal 2.1 (2007): 71-80.

An article in an electronic journal

Sherrard-Johnson, Cherene. "'A Plea for Color': Nella Larsen's Iconography of the Mulatta." American Literature 76.4 (2004): 833-869. EBSCOhost. Web. 10 Sept. 2009.

A encyclopedia entry

Foster, John S., Jr. "Nuclear War." The Encyclopedia Americana. Intl. ed. 1998.

A government publication

United States. Federal Maritime Commission. Hawaiian Trade Study: An Economic Analysis. Washington: GPO, 1978.

An interview you conducted

Brandt, Deborah. Personal Interview. 28 May 2008.

A film/DVD

Sense and Sensibility. Screenplay by Emma Thompson and Jane Austen. Dir. Ang Lee. Perf. Emma Thompson, and Kate Winslet. Sony, 1999. DVD.

Website with no author

"New Media @ the Center." The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. U of Wisconsin-Madison Writing Center, 2009. Web. 11 Sept. 2009.

Website - with author

Peace, Richard. “Fathers and Children: Understanding Nature.” The Novels of Turgenev: Symbols and Emblems.  U of Bristol P, 20 July 2002. Web. 5 May 2005.

Website - online government publication

United States. Dept. of Justice. Bureau of Justice Statistics. “Trends in Violent Victimization by Age, 1973-2005.” 10 Sept. 2006. Web. 3 Oct. 2006.


Woodward, Julian. “Newborn FAQs.” Message to Michelle Roberts. 28 Mar. 2008. E-mail.

Discussion list (listserv)

Stein, Cindy. “Chessie Rescue - Annapolis MD." Message to Chessie-L listserv. 16 May 1997. E-mail.

Radio/TV episode - from library database

"Beyond Vick: Animal Cruelty for Sport." Morning Edition. NPR. 8 Aug. 2007.Academic OneFile. Web. 5 May 2008.

Radio/TV episode - from website

"Federal Prosecutors Eye MySpace Bullying Case." All Things Considered. NPR. 14 Jan. 2008. Web. 15 Jan. 2008.

Film - from website

The Landlord. Perf. Will Ferrell and Adam McKay. 2007. Funny or Die. Web. 15 Jan. 2008.

Artwork - from library database

Clark, Larry. Man with Baby. ca. 1960's. George Eastman House, Rochester, NY. ARTstor. Web. 15 Jan. 2008.

Artwork - from website

Close, Chuck. Ronald. 2002. Museum of Modern Art, New York. MoMA. Web. 5 Jan. 2008.


Viewing the Unfortunates at the Morgue. N.d. The Triangle Factory File. Cornell Univeristy ILR School, 2005. Web. 16 Oct. 2010.

Online MLA Citation Resources

Academic Success Center

The Academic Success Center (ASC), located in room G-16 of Owen Library, provides numerous support services and resources to assist Pitt-Johnstown students in their pursuit of academic success.Students may come to drop-in writing sessions with papers and work with a trained ASC writing tutor to improve focus, development, clarity, support, and other important qualities for an effective paper. Our tutors can help students plan a paper, brainstorm for ideas, organize thoughts, and refine expression.