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Course & Subject Guides

Introduction to Energy Science and Technology - Bradford Campus: How to Cite

A guide of resources and information to help freshman students complete a research paper in Dr. Matthew Kropf's ES 0112: Introduction to Energy Science and Technology Class

What is a citation and why do I need to use it?

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Citation Information

Professors vary on the citation style they require you to use for your research paper.  The Hanley Library keeps manuals  and help guides for the many styles at the reference desk, but they are also available online below.  Contact a librarian for help citing your paper.

You can also consult the ULS Libguide, Major Citation Styles: APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian.

Citation Information

APA Citation examples when you have 2 sources from one government site:

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Independent Statistics & Analysis. (2015, September 25).  Wind - Energy Explained.  Retrieved from http://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/?page=wind_home

U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Independent Statistics & Analysis. (2015, September 25).  Coal - Energy Explained.  Retrieved from http://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/index.cfm?page=coal_home

In-text examples:

The U.S. Energy Information Administration states that wind energy was once used to pump water in the United States (“Wind - Energy Explained”, 2015).

or

In addition, wind energy was once used to pump water in the United States (U.S. Energy Information Administration, “Wind - Energy Explained”, 2015).

or

According to Wind - Energy Explained on the U.S. Energy Information Administration’s website, wind energy was once used to pump water in the United States (2015).

Citation Management

There are many tools for importing citations from sources like article databases and automatically integrating them into your research paper and bibliography. Some examples are:

An expansive set of citation formats are supported including APA, MLA, and the Chicago Manual of Style .

Your professor may check for plagiarism and check your citations. To avoid this problem, be sure to review the ULS Avoiding Plagiarism tutorial.

Reference/Instruction Librarian

Kimberly Bailey's picture
Kimberly Bailey
Contact:
Hanley Library, Room 104
300 Campus Drive
Bradford, PA 16701
814-362-7621