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Course & Subject Guides

Public Speaking (Oakland Campus)

This research guide is for Public Speaking and related courses


SIFT is a handy acronym that will remind you how to sift through all the information you may find on your topic. It outlines a four-move strategy for which you would:

  1. Stop. Remember your purpose. Ask yourself what you already know about the creator or the source.
  2. Investigate. Know what you're reading about before you read it. 
  3. Find. Find coverage or consensus on the primary claim of your source before trusting it. 
  4. Trace. Trace information back to the original source to re-contextualize it and gain a better understanding.


SIFT: Four Moves

The concept of SIFT comes from Mike Caulfield. It is reused here under a Creative Commons license.