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Course & Subject Guides

ADMJ1200: Intro to Law Enforcement - Oakland Campus

This guide is designed to assist students enrolled in ADMJ1200: Intro to Law Enforcement Summer 2018 with Professor Shawn Ellies.

Citing Your Sources

citation is a way of giving credit to individuals for their creative and intellectual works that you utilized to support your research. It can also be used to locate particular sources and combat plagiarism. Typically, a citation can include the author's name, date, location of the publishing company, journal title, or DOI (Digital Object Identifier).

citation style dictates the information necessary for a citation and how the information is ordered, as well as punctuation and other formatting.

Citation Styles


A paraphrase is...

  • your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, now presented (by you) in a new form.
  • one legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate citation) to use information from a source.

Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because...

  • it helps you control the temptation to quote too much.
  • the mental process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original.

Steps to Effective Paraphrasing:

  • Reread the original passage until you understand its full meaning
  • Check your rendition with the original to make sure that your version accurately expresses all the essential information in a new form
  • Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source
  • Note/record the source (including the page); you must cite paraphrased material

Adapted from OWL, Paraphrase, Write it in Your own Words