Research bias, also called experimenter bias, is a process where the scientists performing the research influence the results, in order to portray a certain outcome. Typically, there are four very common types of bias: internal validity, external validity, construct (or measurement) validity and statistical conclusion validity. A good researcher should try to avoid any bias.
However, In some case, conflicts of interest can also contribute to research bias. Conflicts of interest (COI) indicates that a personal interest conflicted with their professional obligation. A person may gain profit by making decisions based on their professional roles. To avoid COIs' influence on your academic work, researchers should provide a transparency disclosure which lists those external factors related to their work, including these questions:
Academic discourse refers to the ways of thinking and using language which exist in the academy . For those who stand behind your idea (including contributor, funder, adviser and even your peer and colleges):
To write a helpful review, you can take following tips:
 Hyland, K., & Paltridge, B. (Eds.). (2011). Bloomsbury companion to discourse analysis. A&C Black.
Fair Use is a provision of U.S. law that allows you to use copyright protected material for: criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. But only if the use meets certain guidelines, like:
Attribution refers to acknowledging the ideas of others and giving credit where credit is due. It's essential and critical to the scholarly record. Failure to attribute the work of others may be considered academic misconduct. So please be sure that always provide complete, clear citations that readers can follow to earlier works.
Acknowledgements show appreciation for the support of others. Such support may not reflected in the formal scholarly record, for instance, like financial support, feedback and encouragement. It's often not required, but usually the right thing to do to maintain a good cooperation with others.