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Journalism & Nonfiction Writing - Oakland Campus: Help with Academic Writing

This guide is for students taking ENGWRT 0610: Introduction to Journalism & Nonfiction

AP Style

Associated Press style provides guidelines for news writing. Many newspapers, magazines and public relations offices across the United States use AP style. Although some publications such as the New York Times have developed their own style guidelines, a basic knowledge of AP style is considered essential to those who want to work in print journalism.

Putting it all together

Organizing your research and putting your ideas down on paper can be difficult.  You can get writing help at the Writing Center.

MLA Annotated Entry

The title of your compilation should be Annotated Bibliography. Do not use quotation marks or italics or underlining for the title.[1]

Entries can be organized alphabetically by author, chronologically by date of publication, or topically by subject.[2] For this assignment, entries should be alphabetical by author.

Example of an Annotated Entry

            12. Endicott, Annabel. “Pip, Philip and Astrophel: Dickens’ Debt to Sidney?” Dickensian 63 (1966): 158-62.

            Sidney was the inspiration of Dickens’ concept of a gentleman as given in Great Expectations. Philip and Estella have parallels with Philip and Stella. Both Philips love married women of higher rank; both have friends who try to dissuade them. The words “great expectations” occur in Sonnet 21. Dickens may have been exploring the idea of the Petrarchan convention; certainly Estella resembles the Petrarchan mistress.[3]

            Your second paragraph would also be indented and continue for several sentences. For example, how does this article relate to the broad social topic of class and prejudice?



[1] Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: MLA, 2003.

[2] Harner, James L. On Compiling an Annotated Bibliography. New York: MLA, 2000.

[3] Ibid.

Essential Guides for Reading and Writing

Quick Links

Listed below are a few quick links to resources that will aid you in citing sources.

Citing Sources Using a Citation Manager

Keep track of all of your reference lists and bibliographies. Pitt's library resources work with tools such as Mendeley and EndNote, and allow you to import citations from sources like PITTCat+ and article databases.